Imagine a roller coaster plunge that lasts over four minutes…
So there was this guy, Felix, who fell from outer space to the earth, without a spaceship. For real! He fell faster than a .22 caliber bullet fired from a rifle. He fell faster than his own screaming voice, faster than the speed of sound itself. And he lived to tell about it. You can watch him do it.
Have you ever ridden a roller coaster? You know the feeling you get in the pit of your stomach when you take that first plunge? Scientists call it “free fall”. On a ‘coaster, this feeling lasts a few seconds. People who jump out of airplanes with a parachute (skydivers) experience free fall for about 60 seconds. Felix experienced free fall for over four minutes when he fell from outer space.
In 1947, Air Force pilot Chuck Yeager was the first human to “break the sound barrier” traveling faster than the speed of sound (also called Mach 1). He did this in a special fighter jet airplane. At the time, scientists weren’t even sure if humans could go that fast and live. Nowadays, supersonic (faster than the speed of sound) jet airplanes are commonplace, but back then it was almost science fiction. But, as impressive as that is, imagine going that fast without the jet airplane!
Sixty-five years later to the day, in October 2012, daredevil skydiver Felix Baumgartner jumped out of helium balloon from 24 miles up (over 127,000 feet). This is 4 times higher than most jets fly. There is only 2% of the Earth’s atmosphere at that height, 98% of the air is below.
The mission was named Red Bull Stratos. Felix wore a suit similar to NASA astronaut suit because at that height there is no air to breathe and it is wicked cold. Felix fell for over ten minutes and landed safely with a smooth parachute landing. He reached a maximum supersonic speed of 833 miles per hour (Mach 1.24).
Felix set the world record for the highest skydive ever, and the fastest free fall ever. His accomplishment didn’t just make the record books, it provided scientists with incredible information that will help them build safer space suits and train future astronauts (maybe even you).
Watch the incredible video shot from his helmet-cam and by his Red Bull Stratos crew.
Fun Phineas Falling Felix Fact
One record Felix did not break was the longest free fall ever. Felix fell for 4 minutes, 16 seconds, falling short (pun intended) of the record set by Joe Kittinger of 4 minutes 36 seconds. Even though Felix jumped from a much higher altitude, he was going so fast, Joe fell 20 seconds longer!
Web site: Felix Baumgartner – Red Bull Stratos
Web Site: Free Fall on Wikipedia
Photo Credit: Red Bull Stratos in Roswell, New Mexico, USA on October 14, 2012. (Red Bull Stratos / Red Bull Content Pool)